A deficiency is a nursing home's failure to comply with federal or state laws. Nursing homes are issued a statement of deficiencies when Inspectors find violations during regular inspections or complaint investigations. A nursing home must submit a plan of correction for each deficiency and correct the violation within a specified period of time.
Most facilities receive several or more deficiencies during licensing and/or certification inspections, which are held about once a year. On average, larger nursing homes are issued more deficiencies than smaller facilities.
Consider the type of deficiencies issued to a nursing home, not just the total number. Look to see if there is a pattern or practice of certain types of deficiencies, and examine the enforcement actions taken against the facility.